Changes between Version 1 and Version 2 of WikiMacros


Ignore:
Timestamp:
Jun 19, 2006, 2:44:20 AM (9 years ago)
Author:
trac
Comment:

--

Legend:

Unmodified
Added
Removed
Modified
  • WikiMacros

    v1 v2  
    22Trac macros are plugins to extend the Trac engine with custom 'functions' written in Python. A macro inserts dynamic HTML data in any context supporting WikiFormatting.
    33
    4 Another kind of macros are WikiProcessors. They typically deal with alternate markup formats and representation of larger blocks of information (like source code highlighting). See also: WikiProcessors.
     4Another kind of macros are WikiProcessors. They typically deal with alternate markup formats and representation of larger blocks of information (like source code highlighting).
    55
    66== Using Macros ==
    7 Macro calls are enclosed in two ''square brackets''. Like python functions, macros can also have arguments, a comma separated list within parenthesis.
     7Macro calls are enclosed in two ''square brackets''. Like python functions, macros can also have arguments, a comma separated list within parentheses.
    88
    99=== Examples ===
     
    2121 [[HelloWorld(Testing)]]
    2222
     23== Available Macros ==
    2324
    24 == Available Macros ==
    25 Macros are still a new feature, and the list of available (and distributed) macros is
    26 admittedly not very impressive. In future Trac releases, we hope to build a library of useful macros, and will of course happily include contributed macros (see below).
     25''Note that the following list will only contain the macro documentation if you've not enabled `-OO` optimizations, or not set the `PythonOptimize` option for [wiki:TracModPython mod_python].''
    2726
    28  * '''!HelloWorld''' -- An example macro, useful for learning how to write macros.
    29  * '''Timestamp''' -- Insert the current date and time.
    30 
    31 
    32 ----
    33 
     27[[MacroList]]
    3428
    3529== Macros from around the world ==
    3630The [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/ Trac Project] has a section dedicated to user-contributed macros, [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/MacroBazaar MacroBazaar]. If you're looking for new macros, or have written new ones to share with the world, don't hesitate adding it to the [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/MacroBazaar MacroBazaar] wiki page.
    3731
    38   http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/MacroBazaar
    39 
    40 
    4132----
    4233
    43 
    44 == Developing New Macros ==
     34== Developing Custom Macros ==
    4535Macros, like Trac itself, are written in the [http://www.python.org/ Python programming language]. They are very simple modules, identified by the filename and should contain a single ''entry point'' function. Trac will display the returned data inserted into the HTML where the macro was called.
    4636
    4737It's easiest to learn from an example:
    4838{{{
     39#!python
    4940# MyMacro.py -- The world's simplest macro
    5041
     
    5344}}}
    5445
    55 === Advanced Topics: Template-enabled Macros ===
    56 For advanced uses, macros can also render structured output in HDF, to be rendered to HTML using clearsilver templates - like most Trac output. In short, this allows more generic and well-designed advanced macros.
    57 
    58 Macros gain direct access to the main HDF tree, and are free to manipulate it.
    59 
    60 Example:
     46You can also use the environment (`env`) object, for example to access configuration data and the database, for example:
    6147{{{
    62 def execute(hdf, args, env):
    63     # Currently hdf is set only when the macro is called
    64     # From a wiki page
    65     if hdf:
    66         hdf.setValue('wiki.macro.greeting', 'Hello World')
    67        
    68     # args will be null if the macro is called without parentesis.
    69     args = args or 'No arguments'
    70     return 'Hello World, args = ' + args
    71 }}}
    72 
    73 You can also use the environment (env) object to access configuration data.
    74 
    75 Example.
    76 {{{
     48#!python
    7749def execute(hdf, txt, env):
    7850    return env.get_config('trac', 'repository_dir')
    7951}}}
     52
     53Note that since version 0.9, wiki macros can also be written as TracPlugins. This gives them some capabilities than “classic” macros do not have, such as directly access the HTTP request.
     54
     55For more information about developing macros, see the [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/TracDev development resources] on the main project site.
     56
    8057----
    8158See also:  WikiProcessors, WikiFormatting, TracGuide