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- Bundled Task
- Bundled Scheduler
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Trac Cron task scheduler
This plugin adds a scheduler inside the Trac process that can handle any task written in the Python language. It allows you to have any function of a Trac related process to be added as a job.
- Task are plugin
- Bundled out-of-the-box task
- Scheduler are plugin
- Bundled out-of-the-box scheduler; new: cron syntax is supported
- Listener mechanism to be notified of task execution
- Bundled out-of-the-box listener; new: admin panel for listener
- Task execution history; new: rss feed is available
The plugin provides an administration panel to help with scheduling:
If you have any issues, create a new ticket.
Current stable release is 0.3.1.
You can use easy_install or pip to download and install the latest package into your Python environment:
pip install TracCronPlugin
Alternatively, download the distribution files from PyPI for installation from source only.
Simply create in a module (.py) a class that implements the ICronTask and put it in the plugins directory. Then you can either modify the trac.ini file or use the Trac cron admin panel.
Writing a task
To implement a task you have to write a Python class that inherits ICronTask:
class ICronTask(Interface): """ Interface for component task """ def wake_up(self, *args): """ Call by the scheduler when the task need to be executed """ raise NotImplementedError def getId(self): """ Return the key to use in trac.ini to configure this task """ raise NotImplementedError def getDescription(self): """ Return the description of this task to be used in the admin panel. """ raise NotImplementedError
Let's take a look at the heartbeat task included with TracCronPlugin:
class HeartBeatTask(Component,ICronTask): """ This is a simple task for testing purpose. It only write a trace in log a debug level """ implements(ICronTask) def wake_up(self, *args): if len(args) > 0: for arg in args: self.env.log.debug("Heart beat: " + arg) else: self.env.log.debug("Heart beat: boom boom !!!") def getId(self): return "heart_beat" def getDescription(self): return self.__doc__
You need to implement the interface and to put the definition of the task inside the wake_up method.
Installing a task
Since tasks are components you just have to put the class definition of your task in a Python module in the plugins directory. You can either create a .py file and put it in the plugins directory or you can package the .py file into an egg and leave it in the plugins directory.
TracCronPlugin will show the task in the administration panel.
The plugin can be entirely configured from either within the trac.ini file or from the administration panel. The section name of TracCronPlugin is traccron, here is a full sample:
[traccron] ticker_enabled = True ticker_interval = 1 heart_beat.daily = 21h19, 21h20 heart_beat.daily.enabled = True hear_beat_daily.arg = Good Morging heart_beat.enabled = True heart_beat.hourly = 17, 18 heart_beat.hourly.enabled = False heart_beat.monthly = 15@21h15, 15@21h16 heart_beat.monthly.enabled = False heart_beat.weekly = 4@21h28, 4@21h29 heart_beat.weekly.enabled = False
This controls the object called ticker, which is the thread that launches tasks. If False, no ticket (no thread) is created, so your Trac behaves like there is no cron installed. This is the global setting you can act on to enable or disable all tasks. Default value is True:
ticker_enabled = True
This key controls the interval between each wake up of the ticker. The ticker thread periodically wakes up to see if there is a task to execute. Then the ticker thread goes to sleep for the amount of minutes specified by this key. You should not have to modify this value, except if you have system load issues. Default value is 1:
ticker_interval = 1
For each task loaded by the Trac Component manager, Trac Cron Plugin has those parameters. Let's look at a heart beat task.
Enabling and disabling a task
This is the second way to enable or disable a task. Since ticker_enabled is global and so all tasks will be affected, this key only affects one task. If False, whatever schedule the task has, none will be triggered. So this is a way to disable a task, while keeping the schedule in place for the time you will enable the task. Default is True:
heart_beat.enabled = True
This controls the daily scheduler. As the name suggests, it triggers the task every day. Provide the time you want the task to execute. You can give a comma separated list to trigger the task at multiple times everyday. Default is no value:
heart_beat.daily = 21h19, 21h20
The goal of this scheduler is to trigger the task every hour. Provide the minute when you want the task to be executed. Accepts comma separated values. Default is no value:
heart_beat.hourly = 17, 18
This scheduler triggers a task that needs to be executed once a month. Provide the day in month and the hour when the task will be launched. The day is the index of the day starting at 1. Accepts comma separated values. Default is no value:
heart_beat.monthly = 15@21h15, 15@21h16
This scheduler triggers a task that needs to be executed once a week. Provide the day in week and the hour when the task will be launched. The day is the index of the day starting at 0 (Monday is 0). Accepts comma separated values. Default is no value:
heart_beat.weekly = 4@21h28, 4@21h29
Enabling and disabling a schedule
Each schedule can individually be enabled or disabled. This the configuration for the daily scheduler:
heart_beat.daily.enabled = True
This enables or disables the trigger. If False, the scheduler will not trigger the task. Default is True.
Pass argument to a task
You can pass arguments to the task on a per schedule basis. Here an example for a daily schedule:
hear_beat_daily.arg = Good Morning
When the daily schedule triggers the task, the value of the key is passed to the wake_up call. Parameters can be comma separated values. Default is empty.
Besides the HeartBeat task provided for testing purposes, TracCronPlugin comes with the following useful tasks.
This task reminds the reporter about orphaned tickets and the assigned user about sleeping tickets.
- An orphaned ticket is a ticket with status New for more than a given amount of days. An email notification is sent to the reporter in such a case.
- A sleeping ticket is a ticket assigned to a user, but the user either did not accept it or did not touch the ticket (added a comment for example) for more than a given amount of days. The assigned user is notified in such a case.
The delay is an optional parameter associated with each schedule. Default value is 3 days.
Note: Since 0.2dev_r9388
This task scans still opened tickets in near milestone. Such a situation means that those tickets will probably not be part of the milestone. The task sends an email to the user defined with unreachable_milestone.recipient (default is empty) for each milestone with the list of still opened tickets. You may want to set the value to the release manager user. Reporter and owner are notified too, but only for their tickets. The task looks for the nearest milestone until 3 days ahead. You can change the value with parameter either by setting unreachable_milestone.<schedule>.arg or in the admin panel.
This is an example of the mail for release manager:
Hello, The milestone milestone1 is near to be closed. Its due date is 11-30-2010. Unfortunately we have detected some open tickets. Please consider to postpone them or ensure they will meet the milestone due date. These ticket are: testing ticket http://localhost:8000/dummy/ticket/1 testing ticket http://localhost:8000/dummy/ticket/3 Best regards. -- My Project <http://localhost:8000/dummy> My example project
Auto postpone task
Note: since 0.2dev_r9390.
Trac allows the administrator to postpone still opened tickets in a given milestone when he closes this milestone. But this is not mandatory. The auto postpone task will help to not forget opened tickets in a closed milestone. The task looks for such tickets and postpones them in the more recent still opened milestone. Milestone must have a due date.
Ticket deadline task
Note: since 0.3.
This task notifies to the ticket's reporter and owner when its ticket is near the deadline as a custom field. You can add a date field for ticket using the DateFieldPlugin. Besides scheduler settings, there are the following options to configure when the DateFieldPlugin is used:
- days_before: notify days before the deadline
- date_field: ticket custom field's name
- date_format: this format string is handled by datetime module
Here is a sample configuration for the trac.ini file:
[traccron] ticker_enabled = True ticker_interval = 1 ticket_deadline.cron = * 0 10 * * ? * ticket_deadline.cron.enabled = True ticket_deadline.enabled = True days_before=3 date_field=due_date date_format=%Y-%m-%d [ticket-custom] due_date = text due_date.date = true due_date.label = Due Date due_date.value = YYYY-MM-DD due_date.date_empty = true [datefield] format = ymd separator = - first_day = 1
See task scheduling section.
See task scheduling section.
See task scheduling section.
See task scheduling section.
Since 0.2dev_r9375 there is a cron scheduler. You can use cron syntax to define the schedule. Currently you can use:
- single value
- range value both with - or / special character
- special value *
Example with heart_beat task:
heart_beat.cron = * 0/2 * * * ? *
Warning: since TracCronPlugin ticker interval is at least one minute, this means the seconds cannot be specified and so the first item of the cron expression is useless.
The cron like expression is here. Set either day-of-month or day-of-week and the other one must be '?':
ex: * * * ? * ? * ┬ ┬ ┬ ┬ ┬ ┬ ┬ │ │ │ │ │ │ └──── year (omissible) │ │ │ │ │ └─────── day of week (1 - 7, 1 is Monday) │ │ │ │ └────────── month (1 - 12) │ │ │ └───────────── day of month (1 - 31) │ │ └──────────────── hour (0 - 23) │ └─────────────────── min (0 - 59) └────────────────────── None (reserved?)
Please refer to cron documentation for more details on the standard cron syntax.
Email notification of task event
This listener notifies by email about task execution. You can choose the number of event sent by email by setting the value of email_task_event.limit. When the listener has received at least the number of task execution, it will send the email. Default is 1. The value of email_task_event.recipient must be filled, otherwise no email will be sent.
Here is the configuration for this listener:
email_task_event.enabled = True email_task_event.limit = 1 email_task_event.recipient = admin
Here an sample of the email :
The above task has been run by Trac Cron Plugin task[heart_beat] started at 0 h 47 ended at 0 h 47 success task[heart_beat] started at 0 h 48 ended at 0 h 48 success task[heart_beat] started at 0 h 49 ended at 0 h 49 success
Since 0.2dev_r9385 you can use email_task_event.only_error = True to send email only on error.